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Monday, 30 October 2017

ECZEMA ON DOGS

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ECZEMA ON DOGS: Eczema though are mostly found on human can also be seen on dogs, it is an irritating, itchy inflammation which causes dogs to bite, lick and scratch their body with tongue and claws, these worsen the situation thereby leading to sours on different spots on the dog which gets infected by bacterial over time.
There are two types of eczema infected by dogs, the wet and dry eczema. The wet eczema releasing a watery discharge from the sour while the dry eczema is extremely dry and flaky. Below are the symptoms of eczema on dogs which all dog owners must watch out for;


  • Redness or rash
  • Severe itchiness
  • Licking, scratching, or chewing at the skin
  • Rubbing against furniture or other surfaces
  • Hot spots
  • Matted, moist hair
  • Oozing discharge
  • Crusty or scaly skin
  • Dry, flaky skin or dandruff
  • Skin discoloration
  • Thickened skin
  • Lesions
  • Open wounds or sores
  • Secondary infection




When you notice a combination of two or more of any of the above symptoms, then you know the dog is suffering from eczema infection, visit a veterinarian as quick as you can.






Cause

The most common cause of eczema in dogs in apotic dermatitis or atopy, it occurs when the immune system becomes allergic to a particular substance for example, a flea bite resulting to inflammation. Other causes may include;
  • Parasites or mites
  • Food allergies or sensitivity
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Impacted anal sacs or anal sac disease
  • Licking at an area that is in pain
  • Vitamin deficiency
  • Exposure to irritating chemicals, plants, or other substances
  • Extreme weather
  • Viral, bacterial, or fungal infection

Note that dogs with wrinkled skin are more susceptible to eczema.

Treatment

To treat an eczema, you must first determine the main cause, if the cause of the eczema is from flea bite, then first make sure the environment is free from flea before administering drugs to the dog. The use of anti-inflammatory drugs is advisable to be used such as steroids or NSAIDs, antibiotics may be proscribed if there are presence of bacteria on the sour.



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