Monkey pox: Risk factors, Signs and Symptoms

Monkeypox, a rare viral zoonosis  is a virus transmitted to humans from animals with symptoms in humans similar to those seen in...

Wednesday, 11 October 2017

Monkey pox: Risk factors, Signs and Symptoms

Monkeypox, a rare viral zoonosis  is a virus transmitted to humans from animals with symptoms in humans similar to those seen in the past in smallpox patients, although less severe. Smallpox was eradicated in 1980.However, monkeypox still occurs sporadically in some parts of Africa.
Monkeypox is a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae.
The virus was first identified in the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1958 during an investigation into a pox-like disease among monkeys.
Monkey pox: Risk factors, Signs and Symptoms

Its risk factors include animal bites and scratches from infected animals (mainly African rodents or monkeys) or from other rodents (like prairie dogs) that have had contact with African animals infected with the virus. Recent studies have shown that several species of mammals can be infected with monkeypox, even though the species had never been associated with the virus in their normal environment. Person-to-person transfer, although infrequent, can be reduced or prevented by avoiding direct physical contact with the patient and having the patient's caregivers wear gloves and face masks.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF MONKEY POX

  1. Fever
  2. Sweating
  3. Malaise
  4. Cough
  5. Nausea
  6. Shortness of breath
  7. Rashes with papules and pustules on the face and chest and other body areas
  8. Swelling of lymph nodes

Basic monkey pox facts

Below are the basic facts about monkey pox:
Basic monkey pox facts

  • Monkeypox is a viral disease that produces pox lesions on the skin and is closely related to smallpox but is not nearly as deadly as smallpox was.
  • The history of monkeypox is new (1958), and the first human cases were diagnosed and differentiated from smallpox in the early 1970s.
  • Monkeypox virus causes monkeypox. The majority of cases are transmitted from animals (rodents) to humans by direct contact. Person-to-person transfer, probably by droplets, can occur infrequently.
  • Risk factors for monkeypox include close association with African animals (usually rodents) that have the disease or caring for a patient who has monkeypox.
  • During the first few days, symptoms are nonspecific and include fever, nausea, and malaise. After about four to seven days, lesions (pustules, papules) develop on the face and trunk that ulcerate, crust over, and begin to clear up after about 14-21 days, and lymph nodes enlarge. There may be some scarring.
  • The diagnosis of monkeypox is often made presumptively in Africa by the patient's history and the exam that shows the pox lesions, however, a definitive diagnosis is made by PCR, ELISA, or Western blotting tests that are usually done by the CDC or some state labs. Definitive diagnosis is important to rule out other possible infectious agents like smallpox.
  • Treatment may consist of immediate vaccination with smallpox vaccine because monkeypox is so closely related to smallpox. Treatment with an antiviral drug or human immune globulin has been done.
  • In general, the prognosis for monkeypox is good to excellent as most patients recover. The prognosis may decrease in immunocompromised patients, and patients with other problems such as malnutrition or lung disease may have a poorer prognosis.
  • Monkeypox is preventable as long as people avoid direct contact with infected animals and people. Vaccination against smallpox seems to afford about an 85% chance of avoiding the infection. There is no commercially available vaccine specifically for monkeypox.
  • Research is ongoing to study antivirals, genetics, and rapid tests for monkeypox.

How to prevent Monkey pox

The Nigerian Centre for Disease Control, NCDC in a statement on Thursday gave preventive measures on how to avoid the virus.
How to prevent Monkey pox

The measures include: avoiding contact with squirrels, rats and monkeys., especially animals that are sick or found dead in areas where monkeypox occurs; always wash hands with soap and water after contact with animals or when caring for sick human relatives or soiled beddings.

“Health care workers are strongly advised to practice universal precautions while handling patients and/or body fluids at all times. They are also urged to be alert, be familiar with the symptoms and maintain a high index of suspicion. All suspected cases should be reported to the Local Government Area or State Disease Surveillance and Notification Officers,” the statement read.

The Executive Officer, NCDC, Chikwe Ihekweazu, also advised that health workers must continue to manage their patients without fear.
“As long as universal infection prevention and control practices are strictly adhered to by all clinical staff, the chances of transmission are minimal,” he said.

Although there is no specific medicine to treat the disease, when intensive supportive care is provided most patients recover fully.

All about monkey pox

The Minister of Health, Isaac Adewole, has called on Nigerians to stop eating dead animals, bush meat, particularly monkeys, as the Nigerian health authorities has launched measures to curb the spread of monkeypox, following suspected cases of the disease in Bayelsa State and other states. In a press statement by the ministry on Thursday, 5th October 2017, Mr. Adewole assured Nigerians that the health ministry was working on re the spread of the disease.
All about monkey pox

Noticeable symptoms of the disease include headache, fever, back pains and in advanced cases, rashes bigger than those caused by chicken pox.
The minister urged anyone with the symptoms to immediately report to the nearest health facility, while advising health workers to maintain a high index of suspicion and observe safety precautions. He also warned that there is no known treatment or preventive vaccines, hence people should be at alert and avoid crowded places as much as possible.

He further outlined measures being taken to include placing health facilities in Bayelsa on alert, having patients suspected of the disease quarantined, and providing supportive treatments being offered to the victims.

The minister said investigation is still on-going and that health partners were working with the ministry on the reported outbreak. The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, NCDC team in Bayelsa state are also supporting the state government in curbing the spread of the disease, he said.

Monkeypox, a viral disease, broke out in Yenagoa, Bayelsa capital and about 11 persons have been placed under medical surveillance. An isolation centre was created by NCDC and the epidemiological team of the state’s Ministry of Health to control the spread of the virus. About 49 other persons who had been in contact with the persons infected with the virus are also being tracked by health experts.
The Bayelsa State Commissioner of Health, Ebitimitula Etebu, who had earlier confirmed suspicion of the disease, said samples of patients had been sent to a laboratory in Dakar, Senegal for confirmation.

He described monkeypox as a viral illness caused by a group of viruses that include smallpox and chicken pox.  “Recently in Bayelsa, we noticed a suspected outbreak of monkeypox. Although it has not been confirmed, we have sent sample to World Health Organisation reference laboratory in Dakar, Senegal. When that comes out, we will be sure that it is confirmed. But from all indications, it points towards it,” he said. Mr. Adewole also confirmed that samples from victims had been sent to WHO referral laboratory in Dakar. He, however, called for calm as monkeypox is mild and has no record of mortality.

Also, the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control, NCDC in a statement on Thursday gave preventive measures on how to avoid the virus. The measures include: avoiding contact with squirrels, rats and monkeys., especially animals that are sick or found dead in areas where monkeypox occurs; always wash hands with soap and water after contact with animals or when caring for sick human relatives or soiled beddings. “Health care workers are strongly advised to practice universal precautions while handling patients and/or body fluids at all times. They are also urged to be alert, be familiar with the symptoms and maintain a high index of suspicion. All suspected cases should be reported to the Local Government Area or State Disease Surveillance and Notification Officers,” the statement read.

The Executive Officer, NCDC, Chikwe Ihekweazu, also advised that health workers must continue to manage their patients without fear.
“As long as universal infection prevention and control practices are strictly adhered to by all clinical staff, the chances of transmission are minimal,” he said.
Although there is no specific medicine to treat the disease, when intensive supportive care is provided most patients recover fully.

Friday, 6 October 2017

Facts about Monkey pox

Monkey pox

 

1. Double stranded DNA virus (Zoonotic)

  • Family poxviridae, Genus orthopoxvirus
  • Family of pox viruses includes other viruses like chicken pox or the eradicated small pox.

2. History

  • 1958: First identified in laboratory monkey kept for research
  • 1970: First human case was identified in DR Congo
  • 1985: First isolation in nature, in an ailing rope squirrel in DR Congo
  • 2003: First human infection outside Africa documented in USA

3. Transmission

  • From infected animals or humans
  • Following contact with body fluids/materials of animals or infected humans
  • Following bite, scratch or even bush meat preparation
  • Entry via broken skin or mucosa (skin, respiratory tract, mucus membrane eye, nose, mouth).
  • Shared utensils, bed, room etc increase risk of transmission

4. Incubation period

  • Seven to fourteen days commonly but could extend from five to twenty-one days.

5. Signs and symptoms

  • Similar to small pox but milder
  • Fever, chills, drenching night sweats, headache
  • Muscles aches (backache), Exhaustion-Lymph-nodes swell up (absent in small pox)

6. Case definition

  • Designed to detect single cases followed by immediate response and control efforts: Fever followed by rash (vesicular/pustular) with rash on palm, soles and face or 5 various-like scars
  • Designed for use in the context of disease surveillance to elaborate on burden in endemic areas: Individual with vesicular/pustular eruptions with at least one of the symptoms: fever preceding eruptions, lymphadenopathy and/or pustules/crust on the palms of the hands or sole of the feet

7. After 1-10 days

  • Centrifugal rash: Rash macule-papule-vesicles-pustules-umbilical-then crusted (scab)

8. Case fatality

  • One to ten percent die from this infection

9. Prevention

  • Small pox vaccine (for at-risk workers) which can be given up to 14 days post exposure
  • Hygiene (Hand washing) with soap and water or alcohol based sanitizer
  • Avoid ill or dead animals’ suspects or their materials
  • Isolation of suspects or identified cases
  • Use personal protective equipment when caring for patients (for health workers)

10. Treatment and vaccine

  • There are no specific treatments or vaccines available for monkey pox infection, but outbreaks can be controlled. Vaccination against smallpox has been proven to be 85% effective in preventing monkey pox in the past but the vaccine is no longer available to the general public after it was discontinued following global smallpox eradication.

Monkey pox outbreak in Bayelsa, Nigeria

Fear has gripped the residents of Yenagoa, the capital of Bayelsa State, following an outbreak of viral epidemic known as Monkey Pox in the state, with report that 10 persons are already infected.Authorities in the state were said to be tracking 49 persons alleged to have come in contact with the infected persons. The victims, according to sources, have been quarantined in an isolation centre created at the Niger Delta University Hospital, NDUTH, Okolobiri, in Yenagoa Local Government Area of the state.The isolation centre was reportedly created by the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control, (NCDC), and the epidemiological team of the state’s Ministry of Health at the ourbreak of the epidemic.
Monkey pox outbreak in Bayelsa, Nigeria

The NCDC and the epidemiological team, it was learned, were tracking 49 other individuals, said to have come in contact with the infected persons. The state Commissioner for Health, Professor Ebitimitula Etebu, while confirming the development, said samples of the virus had been sent to the World Health Organisation, WHO, laboratory in Dakar, Senegal, for confirmation.
He described Monkey Pox as a viral illness caused by a group of viruses that include chicken pox and small pox, noting that the first case was noticed in the Democratic Republic of Congo and subsequently it had outbreaks in the West African region.Explaining that the virus had the Central African and the West African types, the commissioner said the West African type was milder and had no records of mortality, saying “recently in Bayelsa State, we noticed a suspected outbreak of Monkey Pox.
“It has not been confirmed. We have sent samples to the World Health Organisation, WHO, reference laboratory in Dakar, Senegal. When that comes out we will be sure that it is confirmed.”

He said the virus was first seen in monkeys, but can also be found in all bush animals such as rats, squirrels and antelopes.His words: “The source is usually all animals. It was first seen in monkeys and that is why it is called Monkey Pox. But every bush animals like rats, squirrels, antelopes are involved. So, the secretions from particularly dead animals are highly contagious.
”He listed the disease’s symptoms to include severe headache, fever, back pains among others. According to him, “most worrisome of all the signs are rashes bigger than those caused by chicken pox, which is usually frightening and usually spread to the whole body of infected persons.
The Commissioner said: “We noticed the index case from Agbura, where somebody was purported to have killed and eaten a monkey and after neighbours and family members started developing these rashes.“We have seen cases from as far as Biseni. We invited the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control together with our own epidemiological team from the Bayelsa Ministry of Health. We have been able to trace most of the people who have come in contact with the patients.
“I think so far we have 10 patients and we have created an isolation centre at the NDUTH and most of them are on admission; we are following up on the 49 cases that we are suspecting might come down with the illness.
As a state, we are taking care of all the expenses of all the isolated cases. The disease has an incubation period and it is also self-limiting in the sense that within two to four weeks, you get healed and it confers you with immunity for life.“We have mobilized virtually every arsenal at our disposal in terms of sensitizing the public and making them aware by radio programmes, jingles and fliers. So the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control has mobilised fully to Bayelsa State. We are on top the situation.
“The only thing I will tell the public is to observe hand hygiene and ensure they don’t come in contact with dead animals or their secretions. The disease is airborne too. So when you come down with it is very infectious.“People should wash their hands whenever they go in or come out of their houses. If they come in touch with animals, they should ensure that they wash their hands.
They should be very vigilant. People should report any similar cases.“A lot of people have come down with the symptoms, but they are hiding in their houses. If they hide, there is the propensity for the infection to spread. It is better to quarantine them and treat so that we can interrupt the spread of the disease.
“People should be calm and they shouldn’t get frightened. The state has distributed personal protective equipment to workers and they are using it accordingly.”













Culled from The Vanguard
FEAR, yesterdaygripped residents of Yenagoa, the capital of Bayelsa State, following an outbreak of viral epidemic known as Monkey Pox in the state, with report that 10 persons are already infected.Authorities in the state were said to be tracking 49 persons alleged to have come in contact with the infected persons. The victims, according to sources, have been quarantined in an isolation centre created at the Niger Delta University Hospital, NDUTH, Okolobiri, in Yenagoa Local Government Area of the state.The isolation centre was reportedly created by the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control, NCDC, and the epidemiological team of the state’s Ministry of Health at the ourbreak of the epidemic. A patient of Monkey Pox The NCDC and the epidemiological team, it was learned, were tracking 49 other individuals, said to have come in contact with the infected persons.Commissioner reactsThe state Commissioner for Health, Professor Ebitimitula Etebu, while confirming the development, said samples of the virus had been sent to the World Health Organisation, WHO, laboratory in Dakar, Senegal, for confirmation. He described Monkey Pox as a viral illness caused by a group of viruses that include chicken pox and small pox, noting that the first case was noticed in the Democratic Republic of Congo and subsequently it had outbreaks in the West African region.Explaining that the virus had the Central African and the West African types, the commissioner said the West African type was milder and had no records of mortality, saying “recently in Bayelsa State, we noticed a suspected outbreak of Monkey Pox. “It has not been confirmed. We have sent samples to the World Health Organisation, WHO, reference laboratory in Dakar, Senegal. When that comes out we will be sure that it is confirmed.” Index caseHe said the virus was first seen in monkeys, but can also be found in all bush animals such as rats, squirrels and antelopes.His words: “The source is usually all animals. It was first seen in monkeys and that is why it is called Monkey Pox. But every bush animals like rats, squirrels, antelopes are involved. So, the secretions from particularly dead animals are highly contagious. ”He listed the dicease’s symptoms to include severe headache, fever, back pains among others.According to him, “most worrisome of all the signs are rashes bigger than those caused by chicken pox, which is usually frightening and usually spread to the whole body of infected persons. The Commissioner said: “We noticed the index case from Agbura, where somebody was purported to have killed and eaten a monkey and after neighbours and family members started developing these rashes.“We have seen cases from as far as Biseni. We invited the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control together with our own epidemiological team from the Bayelsa Ministry of Health. We have been able to trace most of the people who have come in contact with the patients. “I think so far we have 10 patients and we have created an isolation centre at the NDUTH and most of them are on admission; we are following up on the 49 cases that we are suspecting might come down with the illness. Immunity for life“As a state, we are taking care of all the expenses of all the isolated cases. The disease has an incubation period and it is also self-limiting in the sense that within two to four weeks, you get healed and it confers you with immunity for life.“We have mobilised virtually every arsenal at our disposal in terms of sensitising the public and making them aware by radio programmes, jingles and fliers. So the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control has mobilised fully to Bayelsa State. We are on top the situation. “The only thing I will tell the public is to observe hand hygiene and ensure they don’t come in contact with dead animals or their secretions. The disease is airborne too. So when you come down with it is very infectious.“People should wash their hands whenever they go in or come out of their houses. If they come in touch with animals, they should ensure that they wash their hands. They should be very vigilant. People should report any similar cases.“A lot of people have come down with the symptoms, but they are hiding in their houses. If they hide, there is the propensity for the infection to spread. It is better to quarantine them and treat so that we can interrupt the spread of the disease. “People should be calm and they shouldn’t get frightened. The state has distributed personal protective equipment to workers and they are using it accordingly.”

Read more at: https://www.vanguardngr.com/2017/10/10-infected-49-surveillance-monkey-pox-hits-bayelsa/

Monkey pox: The new pox in town

According to W.H.O., monkeypox is a rare viral zoonosis (a virus transmitted to humans from animals) with symptoms in humans similar to those seen in the past in smallpox patients, although less severe. Smallpox was eradicated in 1980. However, monkeypox still occurs sporadically in some parts of Africa.
Monkeypox is a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae.
The virus was first identified in the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1958 during an investigation into a pox-like disease among monkeys.
Monkey pox
 
Human monkeypox was first identified in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo (then known as Zaire) in a 9 year old boy in a region where smallpox had been eliminated in 1968. Since then, the majority of cases have been reported in rural, rainforest regions of the Congo Basin and western Africa, particularly in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where it is considered to be endemic. In 1996-97, a major outbreak occurred in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
In the spring of 2003, monkeypox cases were confirmed in the Midwest of the United States of America, marking the first reported occurrence of the disease outside of the African continent. Most of the patients had had close contact with pet prairie dogs.
In 2005, a monkeypox outbreak occurred in Unity, Sudan and sporadic cases have been reported from other parts of Africa. In 2009, an outreach campaign among refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo into the Republic of Congo identified and confirmed two cases of monkeypox. Between August and October 2016, a monkeypox outbreak in the Central African Republic was contained with 26 cases and two deaths.

Transmission

Infection of index cases results from direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids, or cutaneous or mucosal lesions of infected animals. In Africa human infections have been documented through the handling of infected monkeys, Gambian giant rats and squirrels, with rodents being the major reservoir of the virus. Eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals is a possible risk factor.
Secondary, or human-to-human, transmission can result from close contact with infected respiratory tract secretions, skin lesions of an infected person or objects recently contaminated by patient fluids or lesion materials. Transmission occurs primarily via droplet respiratory particles usually requiring prolonged face-to-face contact, which puts household members of active cases at greater risk of infection. Transmission can also occur by inoculation or via the placenta (congenital monkeypox). There is no evidence, to date, that person-to-person transmission alone can sustain monkeypox infections in the human population.
In recent animal studies of the prairie dog-human monkeypox model, two distinct clades of the virus were identified – the Congo Basin and the West African clades – with the former found to be more virulent.

Signs and symptoms

The incubation period (interval from infection to onset of symptoms) of monkeypox is usually from 6 to 16 days but can range from 5 to 21 days.
The infection can be divided into two periods:
  • the invasion period (0-5 days) characterized by fever, intense headache, lymphadenopathy (swelling of the lymph node), back pain, myalgia (muscle ache) and an intense asthenia (lack of energy);
  • the skin eruption period (within 1-3 days after appearance of fever) where the various stages of the rash appears, often beginning on the face and then spreading elsewhere on the body. The face (in 95% of cases), and palms of the hands and soles of the feet (75%) are most affected. Evolution of the rash from maculopapules (lesions with a flat bases) to vesicles (small fluid-filled blisters), pustules, followed by crusts occurs in approximately 10 days. Three weeks might be necessary before the complete disappearance of the crusts.
The number of the lesions varies from a few to several thousand, affecting oral mucous membranes (in 70% of cases), genitalia (30%), and conjunctivae (eyelid) (20%), as well as the cornea (eyeball).
Some patients develop severe lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph nodes) before the appearance of the rash, which is a distinctive feature of monkeypox compared to other similar diseases.
Monkeypox is usually a self-limited disease with the symptoms lasting from 14 to 21 days. Severe cases occur more commonly among children and are related to the extent of virus exposure, patient health status and severity of complications.
People living in or near the forested areas may have indirect or low-level exposure to infected animals, possibly leading to subclinical (asymptomatic) infection.
The case fatality has varied widely between epidemics but has been less than 10% in documented events, mostly among young children. In general, younger age-groups appear to be more susceptible to monkeypox.

Diagnosis

The differential diagnoses that must be considered include other rash illnesses, such as, smallpox, chickenpox, measles, bacterial skin infections, scabies, syphilis, and medication-associated allergies. Lymphadenopathy during the prodromal stage of illness can be a clinical feature to distinguish it from smallpox.
Monkeypox can only be diagnosed definitively in the laboratory where the virus can be identified by a number of different tests:
  • enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
  • antigen detection tests
  • polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay
  • virus isolation by cell culture

Treatment and vaccine

There are no specific treatments or vaccines available for monkeypox infection, but outbreaks can be controlled. Vaccination against smallpox has been proven to be 85% effective in preventing monkeypox in the past but the vaccine is no longer available to the general public after it was discontinued following global smallpox eradication. Nevertheless, prior smallpox vaccination will likely result in a milder disease course.

Natural host of monkeypox virus

In Africa, monkeypox infection has been found in many animal species: rope squirrels, tree squirrels, Gambian rats, striped mice, dormice and primates. Doubts persist on the natural history of the virus and further studies are needed to identify the exact reservoir of the monkeypox virus and how it is maintained in nature.
In the USA, the virus is thought to have been transmitted from African animals to a number of susceptible non-African species (like prairie dogs) with which they were co-housed.

Prevention

Preventing monkeypox expansion through restrictions on animal trade
Restricting or banning the movement of small African mammals and monkeys may be effective in slowing the expansion of the virus outside Africa.
Captive animals should not be inoculated against smallpox. Instead, potentially infected animals should be isolated from other animals and placed into immediate quarantine. Any animals that might have come into contact with an infected animal should be quarantined, handled with standard precautions and observed for monkeypox symptoms for 30 days.
Reducing the risk of infection in people
During human monkeypox outbreaks, close contact with other patients is the most significant risk factor for monkeypox virus infection. In the absence of specific treatment or vaccine, the only way to reduce infection in people is by raising awareness of the risk factors and educating people about the measures they can take to reduce exposure to the virus. Surveillance measures and rapid identification of new cases is critical for outbreak containment.
Public health educational messages should focus on the following risks:
  • Reducing the risk of human-to-human transmission. Close physical contact with monkeypox infected people should be avoided. Gloves and protective equipment should be worn when taking care of ill people. Regular hand washing should be carried out after caring for or visiting sick people.
  • Reducing the risk of animal-to-human transmission. Efforts to prevent transmission in endemic regions should focus on thoroughly cooking all animal products (blood, meat) before eating. Gloves and other appropriate protective clothing should be worn while handling sick animals or their infected tissues, and during slaughtering procedures.

Controlling Infection In Health-Care Settings

Health-care workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed monkeypox virus infection, or handling specimens from them, should implement standard infection control precautions. Healthcare workers and those treating or exposed to patients with monkeypox or their samples should consider being immunized against smallpox via their national health authorities. Older smallpox vaccines should not be administered to people with comprised immune systems.
Samples taken from people and animals with suspected monkeypox virus infection should be handled by trained staff working in suitably equipped laboratories.

WHO response

WHO supports Member States with surveillance, preparedness and outbreak response activities in affected countries.


Culled from  WHO Media Centre

Sunday, 2 July 2017

Unlimited Benefits Of Black Seed Oil

Have you heard of Black Seed oil? Do you know of its benefits and uses? We'll be taking a look at some of the benefits of this amazing creation and I bet you will be glad you read this.

Calorie Needs Of An Healthy Body

A calorie is a unit of vitality. Calories are fundamental for human wellbeing; the key is going up against the appropriate sum. Everybody requires diverse measures of energy every day relying upon size, age and movement levels. More than 11% of Americans' every day calories originate from quick nourishments.

Monday, 19 June 2017

15 Natural Remedy For Skin

Are you looking for natural ways to maintain your skin? try these " 15 Natural Ways To Maintain Your Skin" that is listed below to get your skin ever youthful and glowing.

Sunday, 18 June 2017

3 Children Die After Diarrhea Inducement By Parents

Three children have been confirmed dead at the Bulabulin Ngaranam Medical Clinic and several others hospitalized after some parents allegedly induced their children with water drawn from gutters and concoctions and they developed fever and diarrhea before they were taken to clinic for treatment and to be given Plumpy nuts and other gifts donated by UNICEF and other agencies.

However, some of these parents resort to either drawing water from gutters, mixed it with concoctions and forcefully injected into the mouth of their children, which eventually caused the muscles of the intestines to contract, leading to severe diarrhea for the sake of recieving food items and later sale them”, a source told Sunday Vanguard.


To this end, the number of patients mostly women and children reporting to the clinic increased, last week, from 300 to over 700 on daily basis. Reacting, yesterday, the Officer in Charge of Ngaranam Medical Clinic in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council, MMC, Sister Maryam Baba Gaidam and the Village Head of the Area, Lawan Mala Modu, Aliye expressed dismay over the increasing cases of diarrhea among children in the clinic.



Both lamented when delegations from National Primary HeathCare Development Agency, NPHCDA, led by Hajiya Jamila Hamanga, Borno State Primary HealthCare Development Agency officials and that of the Local Government Area including officials of the state Project Implementation Unit, PIU visited the clinic for the ongoing assessment status and implementation on the pilot scheme of the Nigeria State Health Investment Project, NSHIP and Performance Based Financing, PBF in 37 Health Facilities selected in Jere and Maiduguri Council Areas.



News By Ndahi Marama, Vanguard

U.S.A. signs $469m HIV/AIDS operation plan with Nigerian Government

On Friday, the United States in Abuja signed 469 million dollars (about N147.5 billion) Country Operation Plan (COP) to support HIV prevention, care and treatment programmes in Nigeria.

Saturday, 17 June 2017

Apply for World Health Organization Recruitment - See Application Details

Apply for World Health Organization (WHO) Recruitment for 2017.
This job was posted yesterday, 14th of June, 2017. Hurry and apply through this WHO Graduate Recruitment 2017 web portal.

Wednesday, 7 June 2017

UNAIDS - 1.3m HIV/AIDS victims now enrolled on antiretroviral drugs in first quarter of 2017

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United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) has reported that  of 1.3 million HIV/AIDS patients were enrolled by March this year.

The exact figure by March 2017 being 1, 366, 383.

Dr Bilali Camara, UNAIDS Country Director reveal to the News Agency that the progress was able to sail through as a result of the policy that was implemented.

The "Test and treat policy" ensured that people were instantly enrolled on the treatment once they tested positive regardless of their CD4 Count.


A CD4 count is a lab test that measures the number of CD4 T lymphocytes (CD4 cells) in a sample of your blood. In people with HIV, it is the most important laboratory indicator of how well your immune system is working and the strongest predictor of HIV progression.


According to Dr Bilali Camara, data has shown that by the end of 2015, no fewer than 800,000 people living with HIV and AIDS are on anti-retroviral treatment.

Checkout: HIV Treatment In Nigeria

“After adopting the policy in 2016, the number of people enrolled on treatment increased; in the first quarter of the year, 82, 000 people were enrolled on treatment.”



1.3m HIV/AIDS victims now enrolled on antiretroviral drugs in first quarter of 2017


He said that between now and the end of 2017, 328,000 people living with HIV and AIDS were expected to be enrolled on treatment.

He said if similar trend continues, it means by the end of 2018, one million five hundred thousand Nigerians will be on treatment which is a right direction towards ending HIV and AIDS in the country.


Other Favorites:

Cure For HIV 
Herbal cure for HIV in Nigeria


“When I assumed office as the UNAIDS country director in March 2013, the number of people on treatment for HIV/AIDS were below 500, 000.

“I am leaving Nigeria as an accomplished man because as of this June, we have more than one million people on treatment,’’ he said.


See Also:

Natural Remedies for Purging
How long does a cold last for?

Tuesday, 6 June 2017

How long does a cold last for? Is it 1 day, 2 weeks or 3 Months? Find Out

You are probably on this post because you wish to find out how long it takes for cold to last in the body.

Almost everyone have had an encounter with cold and in my own experience, it's not a good one at all.

Most time, it comes with a runny nose, sneezing, coughing and eye-itching.

So how long should it last?

If you ask me, I will quickly say a second... 😂


If you were given the power to control cold, I will love you to tell me how long you will like cold to last in the comment section.


There are many home remedies for cold and flu out there that one can get help with but the issue is "HOW LONG DOES A COLD LAST FOR", so we will head on to answering this in the next heading.

Continue reading below image:



How long does a cold last for



How long does a cold last for in the body?


Cold symptoms usually start 2 or 3 days after a person has been exposed to a source of infection. People with colds are most contagious for the first 3 or 4 days after the symptoms begin and can be contagious for up to 3 weeks. Although some colds can linger for as long as 2 weeks, most clear up within a week.


Source: KidsHealth


What Should I do if I get infected with Cold?


There are many quick cold remedies to cure a cold in one day but you shouldn't expect home remedies for cold and fever that gives a permanent cure.

That will be disastrous right?

In the next heading, we will look at some Indian home remedies for cold as well as oversea home remedies for cold, cough and running nose...

Don't worry, cold will soon be a thing of the past for you if you follow and put in to practice any of these home remedies;


In the meantime, this post has been able to highlight the following point:

  • how long should a cold last before you go to the doctor
  • life cycle of a cold
  • signs your cold is getting better
  • how long does a flu last
  • how long does it take for a cold to go away
  • how long does a cold last on average
  • persistent cold symptoms in adults

If you need more information on any of the highlighted points, comment where you difficulty lies and we will address it quick.

Home Cure for Cold and Flu

  • Drink enough fluids.
  • Warm lemon water with honey can help loosen congestion. Mix the juice of ½ a lemon with one cup warm water.
  • Warm apple juice may soothe a sore throat.
  • Women should drink at least nine cups (2.2 liters) of fluids per day.
  • Avoid alcohol and caffeinated beverages.

What do you do when you have a cold?

Besides getting enough rest, these remedies might help you feel better:

Stay hydrated.
Rest.
Soothe a sore throat.
Combat stuffiness.
Relieve pain.
Sip warm liquids.
Add moisture to the air.
Try over-the-counter (OTC) cold and cough medications.


Have I left any stone unturned?  lemme know in the comment box below and if this post has helped you, do well to help me share it on social media.


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Monday, 5 June 2017

Natural Remedies for Purging ( Stomach Upset)

Below are well researched solution of home remedies to an upset stomach.

These tips to stop purging is thoroughly researched and will help to stop a running stomach without any medication. Even if you are feeling glassy, nauseous, constipated or whatever, you should definitely try these home remedies for upset stomach and diarrhea. You will observe an instant improvement. It really works especially the last tips which I gave a try yesterday.

This purging cure is also helpful in kids, it is a perfect baby purging solution although home remedies can not override the doctors prescription. 



Natural Remedies for Purging


Carrot and Mint "Juice" can help stop purging (Upset Stomach)

Boil four sliced carrots, four cups of water, and one teaspoon of dried peppermint or one peppermint teabag.

It might sound iffy, but this concoction is helpful if you're suffering from the winter flu; the carrot provides nourishment and peppermint soothes your upset stomach.  
Turn the heat to medium-low and cook about 15 minutes or until carrots are soft. 
If you're using a teabag, remove it, then blend the mixture until smooth and enjoy! You can also add a pinch of ground ginger to further soothe, or a squeeze of lemon juice for flavor. 

Rice Tea Alleviates an Upset Stomach

To settle an upset stomach or stop diarrhea, make a rice "tea." Boil 1/2 cup of rice in six cups of water for about 15 minutes. Strain out the rice, then flavor the water with a dash of honey or sugar and drink warm.


CRAP Diet Is Good for an Upset Stomach


If you're feeling constipated, try the CRAP diet: It stands for "cherries, raisins, apricots, and prunes," all fiber-friendly foods that should get your system moving and ease your upset stomach.

Burnt Toast Settles an Upset Stomach


You know that toast is good for an upset stomach, but burnt toast is even better because the char absorbs toxins that are making you feel ill. 

Add a smear of jelly to make it more palatable.



Fennel Makes an Upset Stomach Feel Better


Whether it's indigestion or gas and bloating, fennel can help. Sip a fennel tea, chew on a few fennel seeds or crunch on some raw. It supports digestion, reduces gas, helps with cramping, and reduces nausea from an upset stomach.

Apple Cider Vinegar Soothes an Purge / Upset Stomach


Whether easing hiccups or soothing a sore throat, is there anything apple cider vinegar can't do? This popular home remedy may also calm an angry tummy. A mixture of one tablespoon apple cider vinegar, one cup warm water, and one tablespoon honey will ease indigestion and may alleviate cramping and gas in your upset stomach. It can also lessen discomfort caused by heartburn

Yogurt Can Reduce Discomfort from an Stomach Upset/Purge


You probably don't crave anything dairy when you have a stomachache, but the probiotic qualities of yogurt—aka live bacteria—make it a good cure as it eases digestive discomfort and boosts your immune system. Just make sure to choose non-fat plain yogurt without added sugar or flavors when you have an upset stomach.

Keywords:

 

Caraway Seeds Ease an Upset Stomach - Purging or Diarrhea

Caraway seeds are packed with vitamins and minerals, which inhibit the growth of bad bacteria that causes indigestion, gas, or bloating and contributes to an upset stomach. Nibble on a handful after eating your meal, or if you feel gassy.


Heat Helps an Purging Stomach (Stomach Upset)


Place a hot water bottle or heating pad on your upset stomach. The heat increases blood flow to the skin surface and transfers the perception of pain from inside your stomach to the outside.




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Sunday, 4 June 2017

Herbal cure for HIV in Nigeria

Are you in search for herbal cure for HIV in Nigeria? You may also want to take a look at some recommendation in my previous post HIV treatment in Nigeria.

How to Lose Weight Fast in 3 Simple Steps Using Science Based Principle

There are so many routes you can take to get weight loss but almost all of them will lead you to hunger and starvation.

To crown the whole messy situation up, most people will quit because of hunger.

How to Lose Weight Fast


In this quick tips to lose weight, we will see:

  • How to reduce your appetite 
  • how to significantly lose weight quick, without starvation.


1. Cut down your sugar and starchy food intake


The number one thing you should consider is cutting back on those food to high with carbohydrates.
Science reveals that these foods are the main stimulants of the secretion of insulin.

- Insulin is the storage hormone for fats.

If the there is a low amount of insulin in the body, it becomes more easier for fat to get out of the fat store so that the body starts burning fats and not carbohydrates.

It is very possible that you can lose up to 10 pounds or more in the first week you start eating in this way. The evident will reflect on water weight and body weight.

Conclusion on lowering intake of sugar and starch - Removing carbs from your diet will lower your insulin levels, kill your appetite and make you lose weight without starvation.


2. Eat Fats, Vegetables and Proteins.


Every of your meal should be made of a fat, protein, and low-carb vegetables. Constructing your meals time table in this way will automatically bring your carb intake into the recommendable range of 20-50 grams daily.


Sources of Protein:
  • Meat – Beef, chicken, pork, lamb, bacon, etc.
  • Fish and Seafood – Salmon, trout, shrimps, lobsters, etc.
Intake of food rich in protein has been shown to boost metabolism by 80 to 100 calories per day.

Experts says high protein diets can reduce obsessive thoughts for food by about 60% and reduce desire for late-night snacking by half.

When it comes to losing weight, protein is your best option.



Low-Carb Vegetables:

  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Spinach
  • Kale
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Swiss Chard
  • Lettuce
  • Cucumber
  • Celery
A diet based on meat and vegetables contains all the fiber, vitamins and minerals you need to be healthy. There is no physiological need for grains in the diet.

Fat Sources:
  • Olive oil
  • Coconut oil
  • Avocado oil
  • Butter
  • Tallow

- Assemble each meal out of a protein source, a fat source and a low-carb vegetable. This will put you into the 20-50 gram carb range and drastically lower your insulin levels.

3. Lift Weights 3 Times Per Week


You don’t really need to exercise to lose weight on this plan, but it is also recommended.
The best option is to go to the gym 3-4 times a week. Do a warm up, lift weights, then stretch.
If you’re new to the gym, ask a trainer for some advice.

If lifting weights is not an option for you, then doing some easier cardio workouts like running, jogging, swimming or walking will suffice.
Bottom Line: It is best to do some sort of resistance training like weight lifting. If that is not an option, cardio workouts work too.



Weight Loss Tips to Make Losing Weight Easier and Faster

Here are 10 more tips to lose weight even faster:
  1. Eat a high-protein breakfast.
  2. Avoid sugary drinks and fruit juice.
  3. Drink water a half hour before meals.
  4. Choose weight loss-friendly foods
  5. Eat soluble fiber.
  6. Drink coffee or tea.
  7. Eat mostly whole, unprocessed foods.
  8. Eat your food slowly.
  9. Use smaller plates.
  10. Get a good night’s sleep, every night.

Bottom Line: It is most important to stick to the three rules, but there are a few other things you can do to speed things up.

Don’t Starve Yourself In Order to Lose Weight


If you have a medical condition then talk to your doctor before making changes because this plan can reduce your need for medication.

By reducing carbs and lowering insulin levels, you change the hormonal environment and make your body and brain “want” to lose weight.

This leads to drastically reduced appetite and hunger, eliminating the main reason that most people fail with conventional weight loss methods.

Friday, 12 May 2017

Highest HIV State In Nigeria 2017

According to avert, Nigeria has the second largest HIV epidemic in the world with a 3.1% of the virus found in adult citizens. It's kinda lower when compared to South Africa with a 19.2% and Zambia with 12.9% of of the virus among adults.


By estimation of the population of Nigeria as of 2015, about 3.5 million people were living with HIV.

Saturday, 22 April 2017

Download Jubilee Health Insurance App

Jubilee Life introduces a customer oriented smart phone application to address your Health Insurance needs and keeps you updated on all your Health Insurance related concerns.

Tuesday, 18 April 2017

Benefits of water to the hair

 In our previous post, we talked about the benefits of drinking clean and healthy water and Benefit of water to the skin. In this post, we'll be talking about the benefits of water for the hair.
 Happy reading.

Benefits of water to the skin

 In our previous post, we talked about the benefits of drinking clean and healthy water. In this post, we'll be talking about the benefits of water for the skin. Sit back, relax and enjoy.


Benefits of drinking clean and healthy water

 Clean drinking water, also known as potable water or improved drinking water, is water that is safe to drink or to use for food preparation, without risk of health problems.
 Dehydration occurs when you use or lose more fluid than you take in, and your body doesn't have enough water and other fluids to carry out its normal functions. If you don't replace lost fluids, you will get dehydrated.
Dehydration is a major cause of infant illness and death throughout the world and hospitalization for the elderly. So in a nutshell, dehydration creates some very real health risks.

Signs and Symptoms of Dehydration

  • Excessive thirst
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Dry mouth
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Little or no urination
  • Muscle weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Lightheadedness
Be aware that thirst is not always a reliable measurement that one needs water. If you’re healthy and already include water as your beverage of choice, your thirst mechanism is most likely working well. The older you are, the less able you may be to sense that you’re thirsty. And during vigorous exercise, an important amount of your fluid reserves may be lost before you feel thirsty. So make sure that you’re sufficiently hydrated throughout the day no matter what activity you are involved in.

Important Facts about Water

Toxic water definitely poses a serious health risk to you and your family. We would hope that by now, clean municipal water would be the norm; however, too many disturbing studies about American water show otherwise. The following information should be considered.
  • High levels of lead in water have been linked to lower IQs in children.
  • Arsenic – The toxic chemical arsenic may be in water drawn from wells. It harms nerves, the heart, blood vessels, and skin. It has also been linked to several cancers.  Wells should be checked frequently.
  • Trihalomethanes (THMs) – including chloroform – are byproducts of chlorination that are suspected of causing several cancers, including bladder cancer.  THMs are added to many municipal water supplies.
  • Presence of total coliform may indicate that potentially harmful bacteria such as Escherichia coli (E. coli) is present.
  • Fluoridated Water – Today, most cities in the USA choose to fluoridate their municipal water. In addition to tap water, fluoride can be found in numerous products such as toothpaste, mouthwash, medications, green and black tea leaves, and drinks such as bottled water, soda and juice. Be sure to read labels. Do your research about fluoride as to whether it is something you want to consume.
  • Cryptosporidium is a parasite that causes a sometimes severe and life-threatening diarrheal disease. It is one of the most common causes of waterborne disease (drinking and recreational) in the U.S.
Unclean water poses serious health risks not just to your family, but also to your pets. Remember, they drink, are bathed in, and/or swim in your water as well. Your plants/garden will also suffer from the effects of contaminated water.
 Below are some benefits of drinking clean and healthy water:
 

Benefits of Drinking Clean And Healthy Water:

1. Increases Energy & Relieves Fatigue

Since your brain is mostly water, drinking water helps you think, focus and concentrate better and be more alert. As an added bonus, your energy levels are also boosted!

2. Promotes Weight Loss

Removes by-products of fat, reduces eating intake (by filling up your tummy if consumed prior to meals), reduces hunger, raises your metabolism and has zero calories!

3. Flushes Out Toxins

Gets rid of waste through sweat and urination which reduces the risk of kidney stones and UTI’s (urinary tract infections).

4. Improves Skin Complexion And Replenishes Skin Tissues

Moisturizes your skin, keeps it fresh, soft, glowing and smooth. Gets rid of wrinkles. It’s the best anti-aging treatment around!

5. Maintains Regularity

Aids in digestion as water is essential to digest your food and prevents constipation.

6. Boosts Immune System

A person who loves to guzzle water at intervals is less likely to get sick. And who wouldn’t rather feel healthy the majority of the time? Drinking plenty of water helps fight against flu, cancer and other ailments like heart attacks.

7. Natural Headache Remedy

Helps relieve and prevent headaches (migraines & back pains too!) which are commonly caused by dehydration.

8. Prevents Cramps & Sprains

Proper hydration helps keep joints lubricated and muscles more elastic so joint pain is less likely.

9. Puts You In A Good Mood

When the body is functioning at its best, you will feel great and be happy!

10. Save Money!

Water is FREE! Even if you choose bottled/filtered water, it’s STILL cheaper than that high sugar and fat-filled latte!

In addition, Water has anti-aging properties, regulates body temperature, maintains healthy fluid levels in the body, boosts metabolic rate, serves as transport for nutrients, helps normal bowel function, most importantly, it helps in reducing the risk of dehydration.
The benefits of water is limitless so, endeavour to drink as much water as you can whenever you can.
Remember, Stay healthy so as to stay Wealthy!
Please drop your comments, suggestions and questions in the comment box and please don't forget to hit on the share button.

Monday, 17 April 2017

Things That Make You Gain Belly Fat

Excess belly fat is extremely unhealthy. It’s a risk factor for diseases like metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, heart disease and cancer.
The medical term for unhealthy fat in the belly is “visceral fat,” which refers to fat surrounding the liver and other organs in your abdomen.
Even normal-weighted people with excess belly fat have an increased risk of health problems.

Here are some things that make you gain belly fat.

1. Sugary Foods and Beverages

Many people take in more sugar every day than they realize.
High-sugar foods include cakes and candies, along with so-called “healthier” choices like muffins and frozen yogurt. Soda, flavored coffee drinks and sweet tea are among the most popular sugar-sweetened beverages. Observational studies have shown a link between high sugar intake and excess belly fat. This may be largely due to the high fructose content of added sugars.
Both regular sugar and high-fructose corn syrup are high in fructose. Regular sugar has 50% fructose and high-fructose corn syrup has 55% fructose.
In a controlled 10-week study, overweight and obese people who consumed 25% of calories as fructose-sweetened beverages on a weight-maintaining diet experienced a decrease in insulin sensitivity and an increase in belly fat.
A second study reported a reduction in fat burning and metabolic rate among people who followed a similar high-fructose diet.
Although too much sugar in any form may lead to weight gain, sugar-sweetened beverages may be especially problematic. Sodas and other sweet drinks make it easy to consume large doses of sugar in a very short period of time.
What’s more, studies have shown that liquid calories don’t have the same effects on appetite as calories from solid foods. When you drink your calories, it doesn’t make you feel full so you don’t compensate by eating less of other foods instead. Frequently consuming foods and beverages high in sugar or high-fructose corn syrup may cause belly fat gain.

2. Alcohol

Alcohol can have both healthful and harmful effects.
When consumed in moderate amounts, especially as red wine, it may lower your risk of heart attacks and stroke.
However, high alcohol intake may lead to inflammation, liver disease and other health problems.
Some studies have shown that alcohol suppresses fat burning and that excess calories from alcohol are partly stored as belly fat — hence the term “beer belly”.
Studies have linked high alcohol intake to weight gain around the middle. One study found that men who consumed more than three drinks per day were 80% more likely to have excess belly fat than men who consumed less alcohol.
The quantity of alcohol consumed within a 24-hour period also appears to play a role.
In another study, daily drinkers who consumed less than one drink per day tended to have the least abdominal fat, while those who drank less often but consumed four or more drinks on “drinking days” were most likely to have excess belly fat. Heavy alcohol consumption increases risk of several diseases and is linked to excess belly fat.

3. Trans Fats

Trans fats are the unhealthiest fats on the planet.
They’re created by adding hydrogen to unsaturated fats in order to make them more stable.
Trans fats are often used to extend the shelf lives of packaged foods, such as muffins, baking mixes and crackers.
Trans fats have been shown to cause inflammation. This can lead to insulin resistance, heart disease and various other diseases.
There are also some animal studies suggesting that diets containing trans fats may cause excess belly fat.
At the end of a 6-year study, monkeys fed an 8% trans fat diet gained weight and had 33% more abdominal fat than monkeys fed an 8% monounsaturated fat diet, despite both groups receiving just enough calories to maintain their weight. Trans fats increase inflammation that may drive insulin resistance and the accumulation of belly fat.

4. Inactivity

A sedentary lifestyle is one of the biggest risk factors for poor health.
Over the past few decades, people have generally become less active. This has likely played a role in the rising rates of obesity, including abdominal obesity.
Fit vs.Fat Man
A major survey from 1988-2010 in the US found out that there was a significant increase in inactivity, weight and abdominal girth in men and women.
Another observational study compared women who watched more than three hours of TV per day to those who watched less than one hour per day.
The group that watched more TV had almost twice the risk of “severe abdominal obesity” compared to the group that watched less TV.
One study also suggests that inactivity contributes to the regain of belly fat after losing weight.
In this study, researchers reported that people who performed resistance or aerobic exercise for 1 year after losing weight were able to prevent abdominal fat regain, while those who did not exercise had a 25–38% increase in belly fat. Inactivity may promote an increase in belly fat. Resistance and aerobic exercise may prevent abdominal fat regain after weight loss.

5. Low-Protein Diets

Getting adequate dietary protein is one of the most important factors in preventing weight gain.
High-protein diets make you feel full and satisfied, increase your metabolic rate and lead to a spontaneous reduction in calorie intake.
In contrast, low protein intake may cause you to gain belly fat over the long term.
Several large observational studies suggest that people who consume the highest amount of protein are the least likely to have excess belly fat.
In addition, animal studies have found that a hormone known as neuropeptide Y (NPY) leads to increased appetite and promotes belly fat gain. Your levels of NPY increase when your protein intake is low.  Low protein intake may drive hunger and belly fat gain. It may also increase the hunger hormone neuropeptide Y.

6. Menopause

Gaining belly fat during menopause is extremely common.
At puberty, the hormone estrogen signals the body to begin storing fat on the hips and thighs in preparation for a potential pregnancy. This subcutaneous fat isn’t harmful, although it can be extremely difficult to lose in some cases.
Menopause officially occurs one year after a woman has her last menstrual period.
Around this time, her estrogen levels drop dramatically, causing fat to be stored in the abdomen, rather than on the hips and thighs.
Some women gain more belly fat at this time than others. This may partly be due to genetics, as well as the age at which menopause starts. One study found that women who complete menopause at a younger age tend to gain less abdominal fat. Hormonal changes at menopause result in a shift in fat storage from the hips and thighs to visceral fat in the abdomen.

7. The Wrong Gut Bacteria

Hundreds of types of bacteria live in your gut, mainly in your colon. Some of these bacteria benefit health, while others can cause problems.
The bacteria in your gut are also known as your gut flora or microbiome. Gut health is important for maintaining a healthy immune system and avoiding disease.
An imbalance in gut bacteria increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, cancer and other diseases.
There’s also some research suggesting that having an unhealthy balance of gut bacteria may promote weight gain, including abdominal fat.
Researchers have found that obese people tend to have greater numbers of Firmicutes bacteria than people of normal weight. Studies suggest that these types of bacteria may increase the amount of calories that are absorbed from food.
One animal study found that a bacteria-free mice gained significantly more fat when they received fecal transplants of bacteria associated with obesity, compared with mice that received bacteria linked to leanness.
Studies on lean and obese twins and their mothers have confirmed that there is a common “core” of shared flora among families that may influence weight gain, including where the weight is stored. Having an imbalance of gut bacteria may cause weight gain, including belly fat.

8. Fruit Juice

Fruit juice is a sugary beverage in disguise. Even unsweetened 100% fruit juice contains a lot of sugar.
In fact, 8 oz (250 ml) of apple juice and cola each contain 24 grams of sugar. The same amount of grape juice packs a whopping 32 grams of sugar.
Although fruit juice provides some vitamins and minerals, the fructose it contains can drive insulin resistance and promote belly fat gain.
What’s more, it’s another source of liquid calories that’s easy to consume too much of, yet still fails to satisfy your appetite in the same way as solid food. Fruit juice is a high-sugar beverage that can promote insulin resistance and belly fat gain if you drink too much of it.

9. Stress and Cortisol

Cortisol is a hormone that’s essential for survival.
It’s produced by the adrenal glands and is known as a “stress hormone” because it helps your body to mount a stress response.
Unfortunately, it can lead to weight gain when produced in excess, especially in the abdominal region.
In many people, stress drives overeating. But instead of the excess calories being stored as fat all over the body, cortisol promotes fat storage in the belly.
Interestingly, women who have large waists in proportion to their hips have been found to secrete more cortisol when stressed. The hormone cortisol, which is secreted in response to stress, may lead to increased abdominal fat. This is particularly true in women with higher waist-to-hip ratios.

10. Low-Fiber Diets

Fiber is incredibly important for good health and controlling your weight.
Some types of fiber can help you feel full, stabilize hunger hormones and reduce calorie absorption from food.
In an observational study of 1,114 men and women, soluble fiber intake was associated with reduced abdominal fat. For each 10-gram increase in soluble fiber there was a 3.7% decrease in belly fat accumulation. Diets high in refined carbs and low in fiber appear to have the opposite effect on appetite and weight gain, including increases in belly fat.
One large study found that high-fiber whole grains were associated with reduced abdominal fat, while refined grains were linked to increased abdominal fat. A diet that is low in fiber and high in refined grains may lead to increased amounts of belly fat.

11. Genetics

Genes play a major role in obesity risk.
Similarly, it appears that the tendency to store fat in the abdomen is partly influenced by genetics.
This includes the gene for the receptor that regulates cortisol and the gene that codes for the leptin receptor, which regulates calorie intake and weight.
In 2014, researchers identified three new genes associated with increased waist-to-hip ratio and abdominal obesity, including two that were found only in women.
However, much more research needs to be conducted in this area. Genes appear to play a role in high waist-to-hip ratios and storage of excess calories as belly fat.

12. Not Enough Sleep

Getting enough sleep is very necessary and crucial for your health.
Many studies have also linked inadequate sleep with weight gain, which may include abdominal fat.
One large study followed over 68,000 women for 16 years.
Those who slept 5 hours or less per night were 32% more likely to gain 32 lbs (15 kg) than those who slept at least 7 hours.
Sleep disorders may also lead to weight gain. One of the most common disorders, sleep apnea, is a condition in which breathing stops repeatedly during the night due to soft tissue in the throat blocking the airway.
In one study, researchers found that obese men with sleep apnea had more abdominal fat than obese men without the disorder. Short sleep or poor-quality sleep may lead to weight gain, including belly fat accumulation.

Many different factors can make you gain excess belly fat.
There are a few you can’t do much about, like your genes and hormone changes at menopause. But there are also many factors you can control.
Making healthy choices about what to eat and what to avoid, how much you exercise and how you manage stress can all help you lose belly fat.

Sunday, 16 April 2017

How to Lose Weight Faster in Nigeria

There are many ways to lose a lot of weight fast in Nigeria. However, most of the methods will make you hungry and unsatisfied.

Saturday, 15 April 2017

HIV Treatment In Nigeria

Looking for HIV treatment in Nigeria? This is the HIV treatment resource page where you will be briefed about The treatment of HIV in Nigeria plus the prevention procedures put in place. For example the "Mother to child HIV/AIDS prevention" and many more.

Thursday, 13 April 2017

Create WhatsApp Account – WhatsApp Registration | Sign Up Whatsapp

Are you looking for how to create WhatsApp Account free? This article is about to show you the complete steps involved in whatsapp account registration process easily.

HIV/AIDS Test App For Android Users

This HIV test app can predict your chance of being positive to HIV/AIDS, it's really an educative app and fun filled at same time. It ask for possible AIDS Symptoms which it uses to predict your chances of getting HIV and AIDS.

Wednesday, 12 April 2017

Download PES 2017 – Pro Evolution Soccer 2017 Download for iOS & Android

This post is for all lovers of PES games. Good news reaching our desk today is that you can now download PES 2017 on Android devices, iPad, iPod, etc.

Skin Care Mistakes that Must be Avoided

Taking care of our skin is important if we want it to look smooth, supple, and young looking. Most of us stick with the traditional cleaning routine of using water and soap to get rid of dirt and debris from our bodies while others slather on expensive creams to nourish their skins. But there are skin care practices that we must avoid if we want to reduce rapid aging. Here are some that are worth taking note of. 

Do You Have Any Idea What Will Happen IF you Just Ate ONE Pomegranate?

Did you know that pomegranates can prevent coronary arterial progressive diseases? Yeah, they can, and there are studies to prove it. In fact, pomegranates can even reverse the primary cause associated with cardiovascular mortality, i.e. the progressive thickening of the coronary arteries that lead to an accumulation of fatty substances, or as the medical term goes,atherosclerosis.

Sunday, 9 April 2017

Quick fixes to keep you healthy & Live Longer

No matter how little time you have to spare, you can always make the most of it looking after your health. Health experts have advised that, in 10 seconds, you can prevent a stroke by drinking a glass of orange juice.

Saturday, 8 April 2017

10 Warning Signs That Something Is Wrong With Your Liver!

Ladies and gentlemen, how are you today? We can easily say that the liver is one of the most important and it’s the largest solid organ in the human body. Well yes and we all know that the liver is located in the right upper quadrant of your abdomen and partly protected by your ribs. You need your liver for many important body functions and you can’t live without it. 

Monday, 3 April 2017

My Ovulation Calculator App Download For Android Devices

Over 1,000,000 Android users have downloaded this Ovulation Calculator app from play store and the review is quite interesting.

Friday, 31 March 2017

Health Benefits Of Drinking Warm Lemon Water

Lemon is a common fruit which people don’t know or are ignorant of the benefit they can derive from consuming its juice. The juice can be very acidic but must be taken with care. Consumption should be minimal. The juice can be squeezed into a warm glass of clean water and taken in the morning. The health benefit of lemon juice can be seen below;

Tuesday, 28 March 2017

17 Ways To Reduced Menstrual Cramps

Menstrual cramps or period cramps which is also called dysmenorrhea are not usually an indication of a good health condition. Period pain relief or menstrual cramp relief is usually taken to solve this awful experience during menstruation. Menstrual pain is a night mare to ladies with this kind of problem, it hurts and can really hurt so badly.


In this article, we are going to see what helps period cramps and ways to reduce painful menstruation. Severe menstrual cramps or painful periods can minimized with medicine for menstrual cramps. In this update, we will not be looking at menstruation symptoms but rather, we will be looking at the seventeen things that helps reduce cramps during menstruation.

On the off chance that your period cramps appear to be extreme or you don't get alleviation regardless of attempting some of these alternatives, check with your specialist to preclude more genuine medical problems.

Menstrual cramps are brought about by many biological factors, the major being caused by hormones 'prostaglandins'. This hormone "prostaglandins" is in charge of pushing the coating of the uterus out. Aside from all the hormonal activity, poor uterus is without blood, consequently the muscle spams.

Approaches to stop or reduce menstrual cramps include;

17 Ways To Reduced Menstrual Cramps

I) Exercise: Relaxation exercises are effective remedy for menstrual pain.
Walking is effective in reducing menstrual pain because it improves blood circulation in the pelvic area. Swimming is also very effective in reducing menstrual pain as it releases endorphins – the body’s natural painkiller which is effective home remedy for menstrual pain.

Another effective light exercise for menstrual cramps is as follow:
Lie on the back on the floor or a bed, knees bent, feet flat on the floor or on the bed and stretch out your arms to the side, palms flat. Swing your stomach slightly up and down for several minutes, by relaxing the muscles. By making these small movements, taking quick, short breaths one can get relief from menstrual pain.

II) Fomentation or Hot Sitz Bath: Massaging the painful area with hot water bottle or heating pad increases the blood flow and circulation to the uterus, which helps reduce the effect of chemicals that cause menstrual cramps. A hot sitz bath can also be used to get relief from menstrual pain.
Massaging with creams or oils that have deep heating action is one of the best home remedies for menstrual pain. The abdomen can also be warmed by drinking hot liquids, such as clear soups, broths or herbal teas.
III) Cold Packs: Some women find a cold pack to be more effective than hot bath in relieving menstrual pain. Cold pack helps constrict blood vessels, which provides relief from the cramps. Ice pack prepared by putting ice in a zipped plastic bag and covering it with a towel can be placed on the abdomen for 15 to 20 minutes.


IV) Food rich in Calcium:
Several independent researches have shown that women who consumed about 1,200 mg of calcium per day or more witness a reduction in their menstrual pain. Calcium helps maintain normal muscle tone. Muscles rules that lack calcium tend to become hyperactive which causes menstrual cramps. Thus calcium provides a great relief from menstrual pain.
Calcium also helps in reducing water retention and improving mood.
On an average, women are recommended a minimum daily intake 800 mg of Calcium which equates to about three cups of milk.
The normal staple diet is naturally deficient in Calcium. A glass of skimmed milk or a cup of yoghurt provides approximately 300 mg of calcium. Taking food naturally rich in calcium is effective in treatment of menstrual pain.
V) Food rich in Magnesium: Magnesium increases the absorption of calcium from the body and thus helps in reducing menstrual pain. Food rich in magnesium include beans, whole grains such as buckwheat, salmon, shrimp, tofu, vegetables and nuts.

VI) Unripe Papaya: Papaya is a very effective home remedy for menstrual cramps during menstrual cycle. Eating unripe papaya around a woman’s menstrual cycle is very effective preventive measure against menstrual pain.
VII) Sesame seeds: Sesame seeds are amongst the best home remedies for menstrual pain and cramps. Sesame seeds help in keeping the blood flow regular and reduce the possibility of cramps during the menstrual cycle. Taking sesame seeds soaked in water or eating a handful of the seeds are very helpful in menstrual problems. For best results one can eat the seeds at least two or three days before the menstrual cycle starts.

VIII) Parsley: Parsley is also very effective in getting relief from menstrual pain. Parsley also regulates irregular menstrual cycle. A juice made from parsley can be taken twice a day during periods to prevent excessive menstrual pain. Parsley tea can alternative be used during periods.

IX) Ginger: Ginger is one of the best and most effective home remedy for menstrual pain. Ginger tea can relieve menstrual cramps. Ginger must be pounded and boiled in water for a few minutes; this infusion can be sweetened with sugar or honey to make it more palatable and effective. This should be taken thrice daily after meals for relief from painful menstruation and to stop menstrual flow.


X) Indian Spikenard: Indian spikenard is one of the best and most effective home remedies for menstrual problems like dysmenorrhoea – which is very painful and difficult menstruation.
XI) Basil leaves: Basil leaves are an excellent home remedy for menstrual problems. Using these leaves can help in getting relief from cramps. Basil leaves can be had in raw form or can be added in tea or as a spice in the food. It can also be added in water and drunk for relief from menstrual pain.

XII) Coriander seeds: Coriander seeds have vital anti inflammatory and other useful properties that makes it very effective in reducing menstrual pain and correcting irregular menstrual cycle. A handful of seeds should be boiled in water till very little water remains and this should then be strained and this can be taken twice daily and can be taken when warm for better results.
XIII) Crampbark(Botanical name: Viburnumopulus) Cramp bark is one of the oldest and best home remedies for treating menstrual pain. Cramp Bark helps alleviate severe cramping that causes nausea, vomiting, chills and sweating.
XIV) Asafoetida: Asafoetida mix with butter and honey or cooked asafoetida is effective when menstrual pain is caused due to excessive menstruation.
XV) Black cohosh: Black cohosh is a very widely used herb to relieve menstrual pain. The herb can be taken as raw plant or its root cab be dried or exracted for internal use. The presribed dosage is 20-40 mg twice daily and continued till menstrual pain continues. This herb should NOT be taken during pregnancy as it can cause heart trouble for the infant.
XVI) Other herbs: Decoction made by mixing one or all of the following ingredients is effective in addressing variety of menstrual problems: wood apple, marigold, rough chaff, mango bark, blue cohosh, banana flowers, hermal, chicory, tenner’s cassia, lemon grass, bengal gram and blood wort. Their intake during menstrual period or days before the start of the menstrual cycle is effective in treatment of menstrual pain and irregular menstrual cycle.

XVII) Pills:
In case of intense menstrual pain, pills can be taken under advice of your doctor. Ibuprofen, which is very effective inhibitors of prostaglandin, is generally prescribed in such cases. In some cases Naproxen is also prescribed. However consult your doctor before taking any pills.

Diet

A diet regimen comprising of the following nutrients is recommended as home remedy for menstrual pain.

Omega 3: Take liberal amount of fatty fish ( salmon, sardines, mackerel,herring), oil of flaxseed and hemp seeds, which are important sources of omega-3.
Mineral rich: Diet should be rich in vitamins and minerals like calcium and magnesium. These micro-nutrients are essential for the metabolism of prostaglandins and their absence results in production of excessive prostaglandins which results in menstrual pain.

Water Consumption: Drink enough water to keep the body hydrated and to regulate the menstrual flow.

Fiber rich food: Constipation is a very common complaint associated with monthly cycles. Add extra fiber to your diet during periods to keep your digestive system in order.

Foods to avoid

Sugar: Reduce consumption of refined sugars as it produces insulin which results in production of pro-inflammatory prostaglandins.
Vegetable fats: Eat less vegetable fats and margarine, as they result in formation of pro-inflammatory prostaglandins, which is the main cause of menstrual pain.
Red meats: Red meats are rich in arachidonic acid, which stimulates production of pro-inflammatory prostaglandins.
Other foods to avoid: Avoid tea, alcohol and caffeinated foods (caffeine is a strict NO) which might worsen the condition. Avoid white flour products and tinned foods.
Salt for obese women: Women who tend to retain water during their periods must limit sodium intake. Salty snacks like chips and cheese can make you feel bloated.
Other recommendations
Researches have shown that anxiety triggers release of adrenaline and cortisol which increase pain and discomfort during menstrual cycle.
Indulge a little in creative pursuits to keep yourself away from thinking of cramps. A positive bent of mind triggers release of several vital hormones which help relief from pain and other menstrual discomforts.
Try to incorporate practices such as massage, yoga or meditation into your lifestyle.
Exercise should be a regular part of daily activity. Gentle massage and relaxing techniques like acupuncture are also helpful in treating menstrual pain.

If the pain continue to create discomfort every month, despite the home remedies you try, consider discussing the matter with your doctor.
Its time to consult a doctor if,
  • Cramps are so intense that it prevent you from conducting your normal activities.
  • Cramps are accompanied by nausea, headache, diarrhea and vomiting.
  • Its bleeding profusely or you pass clots for more than a day.
  • If cramps occur suddenly in adulthood.
  • If menstrual discharge is accompanied by intensified menorrhagia ( excessive menstruation)
  • If menstrual pain is preceded or accompanied by fever.
  • If menstrual pain is preceded or accompanied by abnormal vaginal discharge.
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